Presenting a listening activity goes in three stages. In each stage there are some steps that should be followed:
#1. Pre-Listening Stage:
* Prepare students for the listening activity by:
1- Introduce the topic of listening; say the title of the topic.
2- Activate students’ existing knowledge; lead a discussion around the topic to elicit what students already know about the topic and what they need to know or what information they anticipate to listen to.
3- Build prior knowledge; provide appropriate background information about the speakers, the topic, concepts, and vocabulary embedded in the text, and motivate students’ interest to listen.
4- Define a purpose for the listening activity; ask students a pre-question to think of its answer while listening or identify a task for students to complete during listening.
#2. During Listening Stage:
* students listen to the text at least twice:
1- The first time allows students to answer the pre-question, get a general idea about the topic, and verify the accuracy of their predictions.
2- The second time and subsequent times help students to derive the information they need to complete the tasks identified in the pre-listening stage.
Examples for Some Tasks to be Done During Listening:
1- Answering some questions on specific information in the listening text.
2- A map chart/graph students complete as they listen.
#3. Post-Listening Stage:
* students act upon what they have heard to give evidence that they understood the text.
Examples for Some Post-Listening Tasks:
1- Summarize the main ideas of the listening text either orally or in writing.
2- Write a composition based on the material acquired during listening.
3- Outline the material they listened to in writing using charts, diagrams, etc
Thanks For Reading
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